Why does Stomach Pain during Periods?

painful-menstrual-periodsDuring the menstrual cycle many women have to deal with some annoying menstrual symptoms, such as breast tenderness, acne, abdominal bloating, cramps, trouble sleeping, moodiness, headaches, and more. So, is stomach pain during periods normal? While mild abdominal pain and tummy aches are often considered normal during the menstrual cycle, excessive pain requires your attention. Typically, it occurs for a number of reasons as follows.


During the normal menstrual cycle, more prostaglandins will be released. As a result, it leads to uterine smooth muscle contraction and helps shed the uterine lining. In other words, the increased secretion of prostaglandins can promote menstruation. In addition, prostaglandins also affect smooth muscle of other parts of the body. And intestinal tract is one of them. Thus, gastrointestinal contractions can sometimes make your stomach hurt.

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

Stomach ache can be the presentation of premenstrual syndrome. As you may know, PMS has many other symptoms, which include depression, fatigue, mood swings, irritability, and the like. If you are suffering from PMS, a light and healthy meal is recommended. And drinking some warm water tends to help if no vomiting is found.

Uterus cramps and pains

Your brain may mistakenly identify the pain source. Because abdominal sensory nerve has a low degree of organization, the brain will mistake the pain from uterine cramps for stomach pain.

Inflammatory stimuli

It may relate to the inflammatory stimuli in the menstrual endometrium too. So, the inflammatory stimuli cause smooth muscle spasm and then stomach ache during menstrual periods. In this case, it is a good idea to eat a light meal that is rich in fruit and vegetables. In addition, cimetidine and Anisodamine can give you relief needed too if necessary.


Endometriosis can cause this symptom too. Due to atypical positioning of the uterus, vaginal atresia, narrow cervix opening, repeated abortion, intercourse during periods, and other reasons, endometrium may travel to ovaries, gastric mucosa, and nasal mucosa via the fallopian tube. As a result, stomach pain and nasal bleeding occur.

Lower estrogen levels

During period women of childbearing age tend to have lower estrogen levels, which can cause the change in the analgesic effect of the vagal afferent nerves and the gastrointestinal tract’s regulating function of the vagus efferent nerves. Thereby, this pain happens often during their period. For women with gastritis or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Talcid or Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) and Dicetel are recommended during menstrual period to prevent and treat this symptom.

Home remedies

1. Regulating endocrine system can be beneficial on relieving stomach pain around the time of your periods. In fact, a healthy lifestyle means a lot to your endocrine health. So, you need to develop good living habits, ensure adequate nutrition and sleep time, and add more fresh fruits and vegetables to your meals. Besides, try your best to avoid overwork and excitement and always have a cheerful smile. Otherwise, negative emotions can affect the endocrine system;

2. It is recommended to drink hot drinks of honey, ginger, jujube, or brown sugar every morning. And the volume should be increased 10 days before the arrival of your period. In addition, it is a good idea to eat foods that can increase red blood cells. In other words, you should consume more foods that are rich in iron, folic acid, or vitamin B-12. However, please don’t eat watermelon, cold drinks, ice cream, and so on;

3. A hot foot bath and a foot massage make sense to sufferers of abdominal pain during the menstrual cycle. In this case, a foot bath massager can give your feet and your stomach a break. Besides, do it every night and don’t stop until you begin to sweat.

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