Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NALFD) is a condition characterized by hepatic steatosis, which means excessive fat accumulation in the liver. It can be caused by plenty of reasons, such as obesity, incorrect diet, malnutrition, viral hepatitis, and so on. If you have been diagnosed with a fatty liver, don’t worry because it is reversible with the help of medication, exercise, diet, or surgery. Since it is closely related your diet and lifestyle, you have to make some changes in order to reverse the buildup of extra fats in the liver. As for what foods should you eat to avoid this condition, the following vegetables and fruits can be a big help. And you can pick some to make your own meal plan.
Fruits that cleanse the liver
1. Apple. Apples are rich in potassium but low in sodium. That’s to say, this is an excellent potassium-containing food. In addition, apple contains cellulose and organic acids, which can promote gastrointestinal motility and increase stool volume. As a result, it leads to smooth bowel movements, low cholesterol absorption, and low levels of cholesterol in the blood and liver. In this case, eating more apples makes it possible to reverse or avoid this disease.
2. Grape. Grapes are able to reduce your cholesterol levels because regular consumption of them can improve your fitness and promote digestive function. When it comes to how to eat to get the most out of this fruit, it is a good idea to add it into your recipes of tea, porridge, soup, and dishes besides of eating raw.
3. Hawthorn. Hawthorn contains large amount of vitamin C and potassium. It is important to point out that it is known for reducing blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels and preventing and treating atherosclerosis. Since the lipid-lowering effects of hawthorn is through lipid removal, hawthorn is a good addition to the fatty liver patient diet.
4. Tangerine. Fresh tangerine contains a variety of amino acids and vitamins, which help not only the body’s metabolism, but also effectively improve liver detox and promote fat metabolism.
Vegetables for a healthy and clean liver
1. Tomato. Tomatoes are rich in carotene and vitamin B and C. It is worth mentioning that it has the most vitamin P in vegetable. Thanks to the high nutritional value, tomatoes prevent and treat not only cancer, but also fatty liver. However, remember not to eat green tomatoes because they contain a lot of tomatidine, which can lead to poisoning if you eat too much of them.
2. Mushroom. Mushrooms contain polysaccharides, vitamins, plant protein, various amino acids and mineral salts. It is an ideal food for regulating immune function, reducing a fatty liver, and fighting inflammation.
3. Seedweed. Seedweed contains a large amount of iodine, alginic acid, vitamins, amino acids and fat-loss ingredients. For that reason, seedweed has a good secondary effect on the prevention and treatment of a fatty liver and fibrosis.
4. Radish. Since radish contains fewer calories but more dietary fiber, it easily provides consistent feelings of fullness even though you eat a small amount of it. So it helps contribute to weight loss. What’s more, it can also lower blood lipids, soften blood vessels, stabilize swings in blood pressure, and prevent fatty liver, coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis and other similar diseases.
5. Celery. Celery contains dietary fiber, protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, etc. It has not only a lot of nutrition, but also medicinal properties. In other words, it can help lose weight, lower lipid, reduce cholesterol, and stop the bleeding, and so on.
Precaution for fatty liver
If you want to get rid of this disease, these are very helpful dietary advice.
1. Eat regularly. Never miss meals and overeat;
2. Although some foods, including fruits and vegetables, are beneficial to the treatment, eating moderate amounts of them is highly recommended;
3. Don’t drink alcohol. This is because alcohol is mainly metabolized by the liver, which will be damaged directly. Thus, it increases the metabolic burden on the liver and worsens the symptoms.
4. Don’t eat spicy food, including onion, garlic, ginger, chili, pepper, curry, wine, etc.
5. Don’t eat high-sugar foods, such as cane sugar, jam, chocolate, desserts, and so on. Excessive intake of sugar will burden the liver metabolism. As a result, the extra sugar that cannot be effectively absorbed by the body will be converted to fat and aggravate the disease;
5. Don’t eat animal offal since they, in particular pig and chicken liver, are high in cholesterol;
6. Don’t eat squid and sardines since such fish is one of high-cholesterol foods too.