You probably know that nosebleeds and headache can be often caused by hay fever, hypertensive crisis, and sinusitis. In fact, they are one of the common complaints during pregnancy too. That’s to say, it is quite normal for a pregnant women to have nose bleeding and headache. But for all this, you should learn how to prevent and handle them since they are often associated inconvenient and embarrassing.
Body changes during pregnancy
From the moment when the egg has been fertilized, the pregnancy is destined to change a woman’s life. Typically, this change will last for up to 9 months in both a physical and psychological perspective. And there is no going back ever since. In this sense, it is totally right to say that a woman will be completely changed by pregnancy and motherhood.
At this point, two hormones, estrogen and progesterone, should be first mentioned since they are essential from conception to birth. Just because of the presence of them, the required body changes will eventually be realized. For example, the mutual influence of these hormones can increase the amount of blood pumped to the heart. However, as an old saying goes, every coin has two sides. Some hormonal changes will cause physiological and psychological discomforts during pregnancy. In the example above, the increased amount of blood makes a woman more likely to suffer from recurring nosebleeds. Similarly, body changes can lead to headaches too, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Since increased blood volume in pregnancy is necessary, pregnant women need to make dietary improvements to provide the fetus with enough nutrients from the mother’s blood. This is why cardiac output increases for 9 months. As the blood volume increases, blood vessels expand accordingly. When the blood starts to exert greater pressure on the nose of fragile blood vessel walls, along with everything else mentioned above, the nasal mucosa will become swollen or even bleed.
In addition, the irritation of the nasal mucosa can be triggered by a cold and sinus inflammation or allergies too. This infection tends to cause nasal dryness and then nosebleeds during pregnancy. And other common culprits also include high blood pressure, changes in estrogen and progesterone levels, changes in blood circulation, low blood sugar due to poor eating habits, dehydration, lack of sleep, fatigue, tension, emotional stress, and so on.
To be clear, nosebleeds themselves could be a concern but it’s still a relatively small health problem. You don’t need to worry too much if it occurs because you blow your nose too hard or you don’t drink enough water. In this case, what you need to do is just to blow it gently and keep the nose moist by drinking more water. However, early treatment is required when it is caused by the underlying disease.
When nose bleeds do occur, it is recommended to use some simple methods to provide a relief. The typical ones include pinching your nose for 5 to 10 minutes and cold compresses. When you try the latter one, please avoid applying ice directly on the nose and instead it is a good idea to separate with a clean, soft cloth in between.
As mentioned earlier, hypertension is one of the most common causes of nosebleeds with headaches. If this is a major concern during pregnancy, please consult a doctor. If it is the stress that leads to headache, apparently you should learn how to relax yourself and find peace in your life. No doubt, the incidence of headaches will be greatly reduced if you can do this. What’s more, as a pregnant woman you should know that the importance of following a healthy diet. Or an unhealthy lifestyle, for example drinking and smoking, is very likely to pose a higher risk of some potential complications.