When it comes to cobblestone throat, it is regrettable that few medical references can be found online or offline. However, many people did ever have the so-called cobblestone appearance occurred in the back of the throat. There is no denying that it looks terrible sometimes. The good news is that it is nothing serious and usually the use of over the counter medication can heal it. Of course, finding out the underlying cause is always the first priority although there is nothing to worry about it.
What is cobblestone throat?
As a part of the lymphatic system, the adenoids are lymphoid tissue structures that locate in the posterior wall of the nasopharynx. By the way, the adenoids are also known as a pharyngeal tonsil or nasopharyngeal tonsil. So, cobblestoning of the throat is a term used to describe the redness, swelling appearance of the superior-most of the tonsils in the back of the throat for some certain reason. In other words, this is a symptom of enlarged lymphoid tissue.
Causes of cobblestone throat?
After all, this is the result of the immune system responsing to stimulation. Specifically, the stimulating factors can be allergies, acid reflux, postnasal drainage, breathing in dry air, a cold, strep throat, and so on.
Throat cobblestoning treatment
As mentioned above, it requires symptomatic treatment. If the patients have no idea where to start, it’s important for them to get access to doctors, who will then let them know what to do about their diagnoses.
1. Allergies. This is the most likely cause. When it comes to the treatment for allergy sufferers, of course the best one is to avoid the offending allergens altogether. Apparently, this method is not realistic for most. So, the next best thing is over-the-counter and prescription medications. Usually, following doctors’ orders can ease annoying symptoms very soon.
2. Acid reflux. Also called heartburn, it can cause throat problems by damaging the esophagus since the stomach contents leak backwards into the throat and larynx. The popular over-the-counter for acid reflux (GERD) medications include Tagamet (cimetidine), Pepcid (famotidine), zantac (ranitidine), Prilosec (Omeprazole), and so on. Once acid reflux has been controlled, the cobblestoning will go away with it.
3. Postnasal drip. Post-nasal drip often causes a sore, irritated throat. When people suffer from cold, congestion, or allergies, they will produce more amount of mucus. As a result, the excessive mucus will drain down the back of the throat. So, this cannot be ruled out. The conventional medical treatments for post-nasal drip are gargling with warm salt water, drinking plenty of fluids, and taking painkillers, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or aspirin, to stop pain.
4. Breathing in dry air. Dry air means no water vapor and a very low humidity. This is why exposure to it can irritate sinuses and throat and have certain effects on the respiratory system. So, the irritation to the mucous membranes and throat will thus cause health problems like cobblestoning. In this case, it is a good idea to install a humidifier in the home. Over time problems caused by dry air will be improved since it acts on adding moisture to the room.
5. A cold. Just like runny nose, throat problem can be the first signs of a cold. The good news is that it will get better or just go away in very short time. In terms of the treatment of cobblestoning with colds, there are many options that can offer a relief. They are taking OTC medicine, gargling with warm salt water, and drinking warm liquids, and so on. It is worth mentioning that currently there is no cure for the cobblestoning caused by a cold virus.
6. Strep throat. This is an infection caused by streptococcus bacteria. It is one of the most common causes for sore throats, cobblestone appearance of the throat and tonsillitis. This infection is usually treated with antibiotics. Once the bacteria have been killed, the symptoms of this contagious disease will thus disappear.