Can Women Get Prostate Cancer?

the-skene's-glandAs is known to all, the prostate is a male-specific walnut-sized gland that is found in the male reproductive system. For the same reason, prostate cancer has long been known as a health problem that is only for men. This might not blow your mind, but the latest research conducted by medical scientists confirmed that it is possible for women to develop this type of cancer since women do have such a gland.

The fact of females having prostates has gained great attention in the medical profession and thus a lot of studies have been carried out. Some urology experts think that the Skene’s gland, located in the upper wall of the vagina, is homologous with the males’ doughnut-shaped gland with two lobes. But medical experts from the United States put forward a different view after a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the female urinary system and they think that it is the vestigial organs located in the distal end of the posterior wall of female urethra.

Either way, it confirms that this male-specific organ does exist in female too although it is not as typical as the male’s one. Similarly, the most common problem of the female equivalent is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). And the symptoms of an enlarged female prostate include urinary frequency, dysuria, urinary retention, and the like. For the same reason, adenocarcinoma is also possible.

It is worth mentioning that in 2002 this comparable structure was officially renamed as the prostate too by the Federative International Committee on Anatomical Terminology. In fact, before that it was better known as the Skene’s gland or the paraurethral gland. So, ever since the term most applied to male anatomy makes sense to female anatomy too.

Female prostate also secretes fluids when women are experiencing orgasm during intercourse. In addition, it secretes the prostate specific antigen (PSA), which refers to a protein produced by cells of such gland. PSA levels will go higher when carcinoma of such gland begins. However, it is important to note that higher PSA levels don’t necessarily mean carcinoma of this gland.

In some sense, the female prostate and the male breast have a lot in common since both of them are vestigial organs. However, in comparison, the prostate adenocarcinoma is less common than male breast cancer. Why? Actually it has something to do with the dependence on hormonal changes. That’s to say, the cells of the former rarely become cancerous since they don’t respond to hormonal changes like those of the latter do. By the way, the connection between the paraurethral adenocarcinoma and the type of cancer that occurs in a girl’s prostate still remains unknown so far. By the way, it is a good idea to prevent prostate cancer through eating a healthy diet. For example, eating more ruciferous vegetables like broccoli is able to reduce the risk of BPH and carcinoma.

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