Everyone knows that eating more fruits and vegetables is good for health. But it is not necessarily true to gout sufferers. Or in other words, while some are friendly to gouty arthritis some are bad to this disease. So, the question is: what fruits are good for gout?
As a kind of arthritis, gout is no laughing matter. It occurs when the buildup of purines achieves a certain level in the body and causes inflammation due to excess uric acid crystal deposition in joint. So, this is a metabolic disease characterized by painful inflammation of the joints. Although it is annoying more than anything else, the good news is that its symptoms may go away in a few days. While the consumption of purine-rich foods leads to the production of uric acid inside the body, low purine fruits are considered a good part of gout-friendly diet.
In general, fruits are friendly to patients with gout because the vast majority of them mainly contain water, sugars, vitamins, dietary fiber, and a small amount of inorganic salts and proteins. That’s to say, almost all fruits and juices are allowed to gout sufferers since they are considered low purine. This is different from patients with diabetes since 1 to 2 of them a time won’t cause a gout attack. But when it comes to the best fruits for gout relief, here are the recommended ones.
1. Fruits that are low in purines. They typical examples include kiwifruit, grapes, apples, cantaloupe, dates, oranges, and the like. Studies show that each 100 grams of them only produce 14 to 50 milligrams of uric acid. As a matter of fact, any diet with figure less than 100 milligrams is generally considered a low-purine diet.
2. Fruits that are rich in dietary fiber. Eating foods high in dietary fiber can provide many health benefits from lowering cholesterol to helping keep people trim and feeling full. And studies show that total dietary fiber intake should be 25 to 30 grams a day from food. Of course, the pre-condition is that fiber rich fruits should contain less purines too, the less the better. And the best option includes bananas, pears, plums, and so on.
3. Fruits that are high in phytonutrients. Anthocyanins, flavonols and proanthocyanidins play an important role in protecting the body from damage caused by free radicals, which are harmful molecules responsible for tissue damage, aging, inflammation, and possibly some diseases. Since most fruits contain these antioxidants, eating them more can help eliminate free radicals and then reduce the chance of a gout attack. And the best option includes raspberries and other berries, black cherry juice, plums and grapes since they are also low in purines.
However, fruits are not a good option anymore when a gout patient is suffering from diabetes, high blood sugar, or other symptoms too. Of course, it depends on the status of blood sugar level. If it is under good control, the right amount of daily consumption of them is allowed. But they should choose those with low sugar content, such as apricots, strawberries, and watermelons. At the same time, they should avoid high-sugar fruits, such as grapes, peaches, mandarin orange, litchi, orange, pineapple, fresh dates, fresh longan, and bananas, or the patients should count fruit as part of their meal plan.
Besides of fruits, other gout-friendly foods include beans, legumes, water, low-fat dairy, barley, oats, and so on. Instead, seafood, red meat, sugary beverages, tomatoes, and alcohol should be avoided entirely.