1) Alocasia macrorrhizos
Alocasia macrorrhizos, also known as Elephant Ear Taro or Giant Taro, is perceived as one of the best house plants that can remove floating dust from indoor air. But be careful that the white sap or juice inside its stem is poisonous. When taken internally, Alocasia macrorrhizos sap produces mouth and throat irritation and burning pain in the stomach. So, special attention should be taken to prevent young children mistakenly eating this plant. However, this is not one of carcinogens;
2) Fagraea ceilanica
The volatile oils produced by Fagraea ceilanica have a significant bactericidal effect. What’s more, it still helps relax, promotes sleep, and improves working efficiency;
3) Spathiphyllum kochii
Spathiphyllum kochii, also known as Peace Lilies or Spath, can benefit human mainly in three ways. First, it is good at controlling the gases exhaled by humans, e.g. ammonia and acetone; second, it filters benzene, trichlorethylene, and formaldehyde from air; third, its evaporation is so high that it helps prevent dry nasal membranes, which greatly reduces your risk of common diseases;
4) Aglaonema commutatum cv. Silver Queen
Aglaonema commutatum cv. Silver Queen, also known as Chinese evergreens, is renowned for its unique ability on cleaning the air. The surprising thing is that the higher the concentration of harmful toxics in the air is, the higher its purification efficiency will become. That also explains why this is an ideal choice for dark rooms with poor ventilation;
5) Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
Adiantum capillus-veneris L., also called venus hair fern, black maidenhair fern, and the Southern maidenhair fern, is known for its amazing formaldehyde-absorbing gift – about 20 micrograms an hour. Thanks for that, it is widely considered as the most effective biological air cleaners. This is an houseplant should not be missed if you are always surrounded by paint and second-hand smoke;
6) Schefflera octophylla
Schefflera octophylla, also known as Ivy Tree, is able to provide you with fresh air even though there are smokers in the family. Its leaves are a good absorber of nicotine and other harmful substances. Hence, it can collect them from the smoke-filled air and then convert them into harmless substances inside through photosynthesis. Moreover, it can reduce 9mg formaldehyde in about an hour;
7) Chlorophytum comosum
Also known as the hen-and-chickens, airplane plant, or spider plant, it can absorb 95% carbon monoxide and 85% formaldehyde from the air. Since this plant can carry out photosynthesis even in the dim light, a pot of Chlorophytum comosum works just like an air cleaners in the 8 to 10 square meters room. Usually growing 1 to 2 pots of Chlorophytum in a room is enough since they can release oxygen in 24 hours while absorbing formaldehyde, styrene, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and other carcinogens from the air.
It specializes in absorbing some certain hazardous substances, for example, 95% carbon monoxide and 85% formaldehyde from their mixture. What’s more, it still decomposes benzene and absorbs nicotine from cigarette smoke and other harmful substances that are relatively stable. Thanks for that, the spider plant is also known as a green indoor air purifier;
8) Aloe vera
Aloe vera is one of top air purifiers for a variety of harmful toxics, in particular the formaldehyde. For an analogy, a pot of aloe vera alone is equivalent to 9 biological air cleaners, absorbing formaldehyde, carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide and others.
According to statistics, 4 hours of sunlight allows aloe vera to eliminate 90% formaldehyde in 1 square meter of air. Besides, it still kills harmful microorganisms and absorbs dust in the air, which goes a long way towards the cleaning of indoor environment.
Mind you, it is a signal for help when spots occur on the leaves of Aloe vera. It indicates excessive amount of harmful air in the room. But don’t worry. An additional pot of Aloe vera will help indoor air back to normal again soon;
9) Monstera deliciosa
Monstera deliciosa, also known as the Fruit Salad Plant, improves air quality by taking in carbon dioxide and generating oxygen at night. Unlike spider plants and Aloe vera, it has no versatile and powerful ability on clearing air. But its strength lies in removing formaldehyde in the air. In addition, it is characterized by larger size, elegant figure, and beautiful leaves, which make it an ideal indoor plant. By the way, its ripe fruits can be cooked for dish, which smells like pineapple or banana;
10) Hedera nepalensis
Hedera nepalensis, also known as chang chun teng, Himalaya-Efeu, or Himalayan ivy, is deemed as the formaldehyde-absorbing champion in houseplants. Statistically, each square meter of its leaves can absorb 1.48 mg formaldehyde. And the total leaf area of 2 pots of adult Hedera nepalensis is about 0.78 square meters. More than that, it also collects particulate dust and absorbs benzene, another notorious hazardous toxic, and in 24 hours of light it can absorb 90% of indoor benzene. In general, a 10 square meters room requires about 2 or 3 pots of it to clean the air;
11) Ficus elastica
Ficus elastica has a variety of common names, including the Indian rubber bush, rubber plant, rubber tree, rubber bush, and rubber fig. This is a versatile houseplant that has a certain resistance to harmful gases like carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen fluoride, and more. Besides, it eliminates the pollution caused by inhalable particles, and thus plays an important role on holding indoor dusts;
12) Asparagus setaceus
Asparagus setaceus, also known as Lace Fern or Asparagus Fern, is just like an umbrella that can protect you from bacteria and virus. Thanks to the antibacterial ingredients contained in its odor, this plant clears the bacteria and viruses in the air. Besides, this is also a common healing herb, whose main medicinal parts include fleshy root and leafy branches;
13) Rhapis excelsa
Rhapis excelsa, also called Broadleaf Lady Palm, resembles to Monstera deliciosa. As one of large-leafed ornamental plants, it can absorb more than 80% of a variety of harmful gas. At the same time it still removes heavy metals and plays a certain role on resisting the sulfur dioxide pollution. However, compared to other general house plants Rhapis excelsa’s advantage is its incomparable function of digesting carbon dioxide and producing oxygen;
14) Dracaena sanderiana
Dracaena sanderiana, also known as lucky bamboo, is a plant that is especially suitable for the bedroom, thanks to its amazing absorption of stale air. If you seldom open the windows and let fresh air in for the sake of privacy but still want high-quality air, this is a perfect option;
15) Pachira macrocarpa
Pachira macrocarpa, also called a money tree, is more effective against emissions generated by burning tobacco. This evergreen absorbs toxic gases and release oxygen through photosynthesis. In addition, it has a way with carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide too;
16) Epipremnum aureum
Epipremnum aureum, commonly called Solomon Islands’ Ivy, Devil’s Ivy, Centipede tongavine, Silver Vine, or the Pothos, is skilled in improve air quality by getting rid of hazardous substances. This hardy plant is often grown indoors in order to improve air quality in unventilated rooms. As for eliminating formaldehyde and other toxics, it is just as good as Hedera nepalensis and Chlorophytum comosum;
17) Opuntia stricta
Opuntia stricta, also called Nopal Estricto or Erect Prickly Pear, is one of the best houseplants to reduce electromagnetic radiation. Medicinally cactuses are anti-inflammatory. If you place inside your bedroom at night, it is good for sleep since it can supplement oxygen while consuming carbon dioxide;
18) Clivia miniata
Clivia miniata, also called bush lily or Natal lily, is an air freshener that can release oxygen and absorb smoke. An adult Clivia can take in 1 liter of air and release 80% of the oxygen in a whole day. The amazing part is that it can carry out the process photosynthesis even in the extremely faint light. It does not emit carbon dioxide at night. Generally 2 or 3 pots of it are enough to absorb all the indoor smoke in space of dozen square meters. So, you’d better choose it if you always close windows in cold winter because that is exact where it comes in.